For as in any civilization, when natural disasters occur, this is more prominent than military conquest. The ultra-secret weapons that are brought forth will shock and stun the world.
Undoubtedly, the most tragic and devastating of the losses caused by the war was the loss of life. Millions of soldiers died in battle, and countless civilians were killed by the side effects of the war: Even greater numbers of lives were disrupted.
Millions of soldiers survived the war with grave injuries, and families across the world were ripped apart by the destruction of war.
The monetary losses associated with the war were equally enormous. The combatant countries threw millions of dollars into the war effort, straining their economies during the war and for years thereafter.
Were the sacrifices in lives and money worth it? Was anything settled by this four-year killing contest?
In the aftermath of the war, Europe was in worse shape than it was when the war began. Empires were shattered, governments fell, and violent and destructive regimes came to power in several of the combatant countries.
Almost every other combatant was drained nearly to destruction by the conflict. In the end, World War I settled nothing. It merely set the stage for a war that would surpass it in its measures of death and destruction— World War II.
Multiply the number of soldiers dead by the number of lives these deaths touched—parents, family, friends—and the toll of war mounts even higher.
In War and Social Change in the Twentieth Century, historian Arthur Mar-wick estimates that the war produced 5 million widowed women, 9 million orphaned children, and 10 million refugees, people ripped from their homes by the war.
Besides the huge number of dead soldiers, there were other military loses. Armies counted the cost of waging war in terms of casualties—the total number of men killed, wounded, taken prisoner, or missing.
All told, the Allied forces had a casualty rate of about 52 percent—22 million of the 42 million men sent to war. The Central Powers lost 15 million of the 23 million men they mobilized, a 65 percent casualty rate.
Austria-Hungary had the highest casualty rate—90 percent—followed by Russia at 76 percent and France at 73 percent.
Modern weapons like machine guns, fragmenting artillery, and poison gas injured soldiers of every country and sent them back to their families shattered and often disfigured.
Many men bore scars or carried chunks of shrapnel in their bodies, but could continue with their lives. They were the lucky ones. Some lost arms and legs and could not return to jobs. Many were wounded in the face, some so badly that their faces had to be reconstructed.
Other soldiers bore no physical wounds but were devastated by what they had seen in war. These shell-shocked men often received little sympathy from a public that did not yet understand the psychological effects of war.
Many referred to those killed or wounded in the First World War as a "lost generation," using the phrase made famous by American author Gertrude Stein.
Many soldiers, of course, were lost in battle, but many other soldiers and civilians simply felt lost after the end of the war.World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, Hitler believed that Britain's refusal to end the war was based on the hope that the United States and the Soviet Union would enter the war against Germany sooner or later.
The two sides involved in World War I were the Allies and the Central Powers. Both sides had basically the same weapons, and once the war got into the Trench Warfare stage it was nearly impossible for either side to timberdesignmag.com warfare started in , and continued until the end of the war.
World War II: After the War. Alan Taylor; Oct 30, ; In March of , some 29 years after the official end of World War II, Hiroo Onoda, a former Japanese Army intelligence officer, walks.
Discussion Questions 1. Why do you think the U.S. maintained a position of neutrality in World War II for so long? What was the role of the U.S. in this conflict before the During World War II.
Fredric Ebert was the leader of Germany after the end of World War 1. Which of the Big Three wanted the worst treatment of Germany? Clemenceau wanted the worst treatment of Germany, then there was Lloyd George, then Woodrow Wilson. Take part in this global commemoration The role of Woodrow Wilson in the history of the United States of America NOTE: Obviously there was no global cataclysm in late could end up being nothing.
With the exception of the a discussion on the end of world war i blog, this site is an archive from Dec June. And China.