Behind the existential movement are such philosophers as Heidegger, Dostoevsky, Kafka, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Sartre and others. The inevitability of death Freedom and the responsibilities associated with it Existential isolation Meaninglessness Existential therapy focuses on each person as a unique individual as well as the choices that shape their life. The therapist empowers the patient to take responsibility for their decisions and create the present and future they desire.
We define this as any therapy that is based on the belief that our thoughts are directly connected to how we feel. Therapists in the cognitive field work with clients to solve present day problems by helping them to identify distorted thinking that causes emotional discomfort.
There's little emphasis on the historical root of a problem. Rather, what's wrong with my present thinking that it is causing me distress. Common traits among the cognitive approaches include a collaborative relationship between client and therapist, homework between sessions, and the tendency to be of short duration.
These therapies are best known for treating mild depression, anxiety, and anger problems. This is based on the premise that primary learning comes from experience.
The initial concern in therapy is to help the client analyze behavior, define problems, and select goals. Therapy often includes homework, behavioral experiments, role-playing, assertiveness training, and self management training. Like its cognitive therapy cousins it utilizes collaboration between client and therapist, and is usually of short duration.
The original so called "talking therapy" involves analyzing the root causes of behavior and feelings by exploring the unconscious mind and the conscious mind's relation to it.
Many theories and therapies have evolved from the original Freudian psychoanalysis which utilizes free-association, dreams, and transference, as well other strategies to help the client know the function of their own minds.
Traditional analysts have their clients lie on a couch as the therapist takes notes and interprets the client's thoughts, etc.
Many theories and therapies have evolved from the original psychoanalysis, including Hypno-therapy, object-relations, Progoff's Intensive Journal Therapy, Jungian, and many others. One thing they all have in common is that they deal with unconscious motivation.
Usually the duration of therapy is lengthy; however, many modern therapists use psychoanalytic techniques for short term therapies. What is Primal Psychotherapy? Named for its founder, Alfred Adler, it is also called individual psychology. Considered the first "common sense" therapy, the basic premise is that human beings are always "becoming," that we're always moving toward the future, and our concerns are geared toward our subjective goals rather than an objective past.
We are constantly aiming towards what Adler calls superiority. When we have unrealistic or unattainable goals, this can lead to self-defeating behaviors and discouragement which may foster neurosis, psychosis, substance abusecriminal behavior, or suicide.
The role of the therapist is to help the client identify mistaken goals, and to help the client do away with self-centeredness, egotism, and isolation, and to develop positive, meaningful interpersonal relationships. Generally, a long term therapy, sessions involve the therapist listening and questioning towards the goal of knowing the client as fully as possible, so that the therapist can feedback the faulty objectives and behaviors of the client.
Founded by Carl Rogers in the 's, like Adlerian therapy, a basic premise is that we are all "becoming;" we are all moving towards self-actualization.
Rogers believed that each of us has the innate ability to reach our full potential. As infants we are born with it, but because of early experiences, we may lose our connection to it. The self concept we develop in response to our early experiences may tend to alienate us from our true self.
In this theory there is no such thing as mental illness.
It is just a matter of being disconnected from our self-potential. This therapy is often considered the most optimistic approach to human potential. This often lengthy therapy is based on developing the client-therapist relationship.
The therapist is to provide the conditions necessary for the client's growth: To be genuine the therapist must strive to be transparent, open, willing to express at opportune times their own identity in the relationship.
There is no hiding behind expertise or degrees. Therapists must be constantly doing their own inventory. Unconditional positive regard is synonymous with acceptance and appreciation of the client for who the client is in the present.
Empathic understanding is based on the therapist's ability to see the world through the client's eyes, to move into the client's world at the deepest levels and experience what the client feels.
If the process works, the client moves back toward self-actualization. This term was first used as the title of a book inwritten by Fritz Perls,et. The therapy did not become well known until the late 's. Therapists help clients to be attentive to all parts of themselves: Unresolved conflicts are worked out in the therapy session as if they are happening in that moment.Adlerian pertains to the theory and practice of Alfred Adler ( - ), whose school of psychotherapy is called individual psychology (Individualpsychologie).
Learn tools and techniques of Adlerian Therapy by watching actual sessions of master psychotherapists in action. Excellent for teaching and training purposes.
GROUP PROCESS (Adlerian Therapy) According to Glanz and Hayes Critical Analysis of Three Psychotherapy Approaches: Client-Centered Therapy, Person-Centered Therapy Person-Centered Therapy is a form of psychoanalytical counseling developed in the s by Carl Rogers.
History and influences. Person-centered therapy, now considered a founding work in the humanistic school of psychotherapies, began with Carl Rogers, and is recognized as one of the major psychotherapy "schools" (theoretical orientations), along with psychodynamic psychotherapy, psychoanalysis, classical Adlerian psychology, cognitive behavioral therapy, existential therapy, and others.
Adlerian psychotherapy uses a process of Adlerian values clarification, through which a person in therapy is introduced to personal life organization, including birth order, social context, and.
Although person centred and existential therapies are both humanistic in their approaches both these therapies have many differences as well as similarities in the use of the therapy towards their clients.