Luke Osborn works as an eye doctor specializing in retinal surgery for the new Eye Institute. For a new doctor it is a privilege to be apart of mingling with the ultra-rich whose generous donations created this new facility, but Luke feels that he does not belong. He has never possessed that much money or lived twitch extravagance.
The Sampul tapestrya woolen wall hanging from Lop CountyXinjiangChinashowing a possibly Greek soldier from the Greco-Bactrian kingdom — BCwith blue eyeswielding a spear, and wearing what appears to be a diadem headband; depicted above him is a centaurfrom Greek mythologya common motif in Hellenistic art  Right image: A now independent and warlike Sogdiana, led at first by Bessusthe Achaemenid satrap of Bactria and claimant to the throne after assassinating Darius III in his flight from the Macedonian Greek army,   formed a border region insulating the Achaemenid Persians from the nomadic Scythians to the north and east.
The Sogdian nobleman and warlord Spitamenes — BCallied with Scythian tribes, led an uprising against Alexander's forces. This revolt was put down by Alexander and his generals AmyntasCraterusand Coenuswith the aid of native Bactrian and Sogdian troops.
Finally the area was occupied by nomads when the Scythians and Yuezhis overran it around BC. From then until about 40 BC the Yuezhi tepidly minted coins imitating and still bearing the images of the Greco-Bactrian kings Eucratides I and Heliocles Iyet soon afterwards they began minting unique coins bearing the faces of their own rulers as a prelude to asserting themselves as a world power under the Kushan Empire.
Dubs offered the suggestion that a lost legion from the Roman army of Crassus that fought at Carrhae encountered and even fought a Chinese army of the Han Dynasty in the region: The Romans may have been the enslaved remnants of Crassus' army, defeated by the Parthians and forced to fight on their eastern frontier.
Sogdiana modern Bukharaeast of the Oxus River, on the Polytimetus River, was apparently the most easterly penetration ever made by Roman forces in Asia. The margin of Chinese victory appears to have been their crossbowswhose bolts and darts seem easily to have penetrated Roman shields and armour.
A grey pottery figurine of a Sogdian groomChinese Tang Dynasty7th century AD Most merchants did not travel the entire Silk Road but would trade goods through middlemen based in oasis towns such as Khotan or Dunhuang.
The Sogdians, however, established a trading network across the miles from Sogdiana to China. In fact, the Sogdians turned their energies to trade so thoroughly that the Saka of the Kingdom of Khotan called all merchants suli, "Sogdian", whatever their culture or ethnicity.
Zhang wrote a report of his visit to the Western Regions in Central Asia and named the area of Sogdiana as " Kangju ". Sogdian men feasting and eating at a banquet, from a wall mural of PanjakentTajikistan7th century AD Right image: Detail from another wall mural from Panjakent, 7th century AD, showing tigers attacking a man riding a war elephant Following Zhang Qian's embassy and report, commercial Chinese relations with Central Asia and Sogdiana flourished,  as many Chinese missions were sent throughout the 1st century BC.
In his Shiji published in 94 BC, Chinese historian Sima Qian remarked that "the largest of these embassies to foreign states numbered several hundred persons, while even the smaller parties included over members In the course of one year anywhere from five to six to over ten parties would be sent out.
Sancai -glazed figurine depicting a Sogdian holding a wineskinChinese Tang dynastyc.
Sogdian coin, 6th century, British Museum Right image: Chinese-influenced Sogdian coin, from Kelpin8th century, British Museum Subsequent to their domination by Alexander the Great, the Sogdians from the city of Marakanda Samarkand became dominant as traveling merchants, occupying a key position along the ancient Silk Road.
The Chinese Sui Shu Book of Sui describes Sogdians as "skilled merchants" who attracted many foreign traders to their land to engage in commerce. It appears from sources, such as documents found by Sir Aurel Stein and others, that by the 4th century they may have monopolized trade between India and China.
A letter written by Sogdian merchants dated AD and found in the ruins of a watchtower in Gansu was intended to be sent to merchants in Samarkandwarning them that after Liu Cong of Han Zhao sacked Luoyang and the Jin emperor fled the capital, there was no worthwhile business there for Indian and Sogdian merchants.The Confucius Institute (CI) program, which began establishing centers for Chinese language instruction in , has been the subject of criticisms, concerns, and controversies during its international expansion..
Many such concerns stem from the CI's relationship to Chinese Communist Party authorities, giving rise to criticisms about undermining academic . Buhle's Bookshelf The World of the New Testament Joel B.
Green and Lee Martin McDonald, editors Baker Academic East Fulton, Ada, MI timberdesignmag.com Sogdia (/ ˈ s ɒ ɡ d i ə /) or Sogdiana was an ancient Iranian civilization that at different times included territory located in present-day Tajikistan and Uzbekistan such as: Samarkand, Bukhara, Khujand, Panjikent and timberdesignmag.comna was also a province of the Achaemenid Empire, eighteenth in the list on the Behistun Inscription of Darius the Great (i.
16). Stylish Academic Writing [Helen Sword] on timberdesignmag.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Elegant data and ideas deserve elegant expression, argues Helen Sword in this lively guide to academic writing.
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Eric Hayot teaches graduate students and faculty in literary and cultural studies how to think and write like a professional scholar. From granular concerns. We were once assigned an article by Penn State professor Eric Hayot, called Academic Writing, I Love You.
Really, I timberdesignmag.com contained several short snippets of writing advice from famous people, such as this one from Kurt Vonnegut.