March 27, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine Young Investigator Grant Chronic stress alters neural circuits in the brain, increasing the risk of depression and anxiety.
Rochester Institute of Technology This is a review of the psychological field of psychoneuroimmunology PNI and how psychopathology has an impact on the immune system.
Two areas of study of PNI are examined: Coping strategies are also looked at where in some cases they have shown abilities in strengthening the immune system.
The understanding of PNI is crucial in understanding the association between immunity, depression, stressors, and psychosocial aspects, along with their interactions with each other and their causal relations.
This is a review of a growing new field called psychoneuroimmunology PNIwhich incorporates facets of psychology, immunology, and neurosciences amongst many other fields. It attempts to understand the interactions between the nervous system, immune system and psyche.
This is a rich area of research in which much work has done with many different theories.
Specifically, one highly active area of research is where psychologists have been studying the effects that stress and psychopathology have on the immune system. This research has found correlations between stress, depression and the immune system.
The Immune System The immune system is basically an interaction between cells and cellular products.
The white blood cells leukocyteswhich are the main fighter cells of the immune system are made up of three classes; lymphocytes, monocytes, and granulocytes. Each type of cell has its own functions. Lymphocytes for instance, are subdivided into B cells, T-helper cells, T-suppressor cells, and natural killer cells.
B cells are generally responsible for the production and secretion of antibodies.
T-cells are responsible for making close and direct contact with the antigen. The other T cells are responsible for regulating the immune system; T-helper cells enhance whereas T-suppressor cells decrease the response.
In measuring the immune response, there are two basic ways; quantitatively measuring levels of cells, or second by using a functional measurement. In quantitative measurements, they are either a measure of the number of cells in a given volume of blood, or a percentage of each type of cell.
In a functional measurement, lymphocytes, for example, are exposed to a non-specific antigen mitogen and the results of the exposure are then observed O'Leary, The psychosocial state of a person can have direct impacts on the immune system. For instance, stress has many different effects on the endocrine systems, including the well known fight or flight activation which is activations of the sympathetic adrenal-medullary SAM system, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical HPAC system, and other endocrine systems.
Effects of Stress on the Immune System Internal factors such as stress have been implicated in causing a deficient immune system because of the nature of the body's response in dealing with this problem.
The capabilities of the immune system are diminished after frequent activation of the autonomic nervous system in the case of chronic stresses. The immune system is downgraded to be able to continuously functioning. Perceived mood also seems to play a role in immune system effectiveness.
Having a positive attitude seems to correlate with an increased ability of the immune system in fighting diseases. In cases where patients have exhibited fear before a surgery, they have had a longer healing time afterwards.Anxiety is the reaction to situations perceived as stressful or dangerous.
Anxiety disorders are manageable and curable with the right treatment and therapy. Peer Commentary. The Role of Stress in Physiological Disorders Andrew P. Ochtinsky Rochester Institute of Technology The basic premise of this paper was that psychosocial environment and psychopathology have measurable effects on the immune system.
Category: essays research papers; Title: Anxiety disorders. The Problems of Anxiety Disorders Essay example - The Problems of Anxiety Disorders Anxiety is a normal reaction to a threatening situation and results from an increase in the amount of adrenaline from the sympathetic nervous system.
Peer Commentary. Criminal Behavior and Personality Disorders Jeffrey C. Tatar Rochester Institute of Technology. In addition to the research showing that the gene responsible for production of monoamine oxidase has a possible link to criminality, some evidence has also shown a . Research Papers on Anxiety Disorders Anxiety Disorders research papers discuss the types of psychological disorders characterized by fear and apprehension.
Psychology research paper topics often have some relationship to anxiety disorders. ADAA's Find A Therapist Directory. Search our directory of ADAA mental health professional members who specialize in anxiety, depression and co-occurring disorders.