Research paper on smoking cessation

Smoking is truly a deadly habit. With about known chemicals in tobacco smoke, more than 50 of them are known to cause cancer. According to the World Health Organizationevery six seconds someone in the world dies from tobacco use [2].

Research paper on smoking cessation

Smoking facts and evidence Smoking facts and evidence Read the key facts about smoking and cancer risk, and find the supporting evidence from academic research and scientific studies to see why we say what we do. Tobacco is the single biggest cause of cancer Experts agree that tobacco is the single biggest avoidable cause of cancer in the world.

It also causes tens of thousands of deaths each year in the UK from other conditions, including heart and lung problems. Oxford Textbook of Medicine. Oxford University Press; Mortality from smoking in developed countries - or later.

The fraction of cancer attributable to modifiable risk factors in England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland and the United Kingdom in British Journal of Cancer https: Accessed January 9, Mortality in relation to smoking: Tobacco smoking and all-cause mortality in a large Australian cohort study: Avoidable global cancer deaths and total deaths from smoking.

Research paper on smoking cessation

There is some evidence that smoking could cause breast cancer [3—7]. Smoking causes a higher proportion of lung cancer cases than for other cancer types. The voice box larynx has the next-highest proportion of cases linked to smoking — with almost two-thirds of cases caused by smoking [8].

Tobacco smoking and cancer: Preventable exposures associated with human cancers. J Natl Cancer Inst. Active and passive cigarette smoking and breast cancer risk: Results from the EPIC cohort. Active smoking and breast cancer risk: Smoking before the first pregnancy and the risk of breast cancer: Lung cancer is by far the most common cause of cancer death in the UK [1,3].

People who smoke were first shown to be more likely to develop lung cancer than non-smokers in [4].


This study found that people who smoked around 20 cigarettes a day had 26 times the lung cancer risk of non-smokers. And people who smoked around 3 cigarettes a day still had 6 times the lung cancer risk of non-smokers.

After these first results came out, UK scientists began a large long-running study of smoking in British doctors, which Cancer Research UK has helped to fund, that has told us a lot about the dangers of smoking [5].

This study has found similarly huge risks associated with smoking. Men who smoked 25 or more cigarettes a day had over 24 times the risk of dying from lung cancer as men who had never smoked [6].The National Centre for Smoking Cessation and Training (NCSCT) is a social enterprise committed to support the delivery of effective evidence-based tobacco control programmes and smoking cessation interventions provided by local stop smoking .

Abstract Background. Many believe that the prospect of weight gain discourages smokers from quitting. Accurate estimates of the weight gain related to the cessation of smoking . Millions of people quit smoking every year, and lung health after smoking cessation has become a prominent theme among healthcare professionals.

About 47 percent of smokers attempt to quit annually. This is not surprising given that the number one cause of preventable death in the worldwide is smoking.

The effectiveness of NHS smoking cessation services: a systematic review Linda Bauld1, Kirsten Bell2, Lucy McCullough2, Lindsay Richardson2, Lorraine Greaves2 1Department of Social and Policy Sciences and UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, University of Bath, Bath, UK 2British Columbia Centre of Excellence for Women’s Health, Vancouver, Canada.

Electronic cigarettes are more frequently used by people who recently quit smoking and alcohol drinkers, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific. This product, excluding the Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet logo, artwork, and any material owned by a third party or protected by a trademark, has been released under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND (CC BY-NC-ND ) licence.

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