The life and work of sophocles

Sophocles was one of the most awarded playwrights in Athens and one of the three great Greek tragedians whose work has survived into modern times the others being Aeschylus and Euripides.

The life and work of sophocles

What means this reek of incense everywhere, And everywhere laments and litanies? Children, it were not meet that I should learn From others, and am hither come, myself, I Oedipus, your world-renowned king.

The life and work of sophocles

Is it dread Of ill that moves you or a boon ye crave? My zeal in your behalf ye cannot doubt; Ruthless indeed were I and obdurate If such petitioners as you I spurned. Oedipus, son of Jocasta and Laius, has just been made King of Thebes. When his father was King it was prophesied by an Oracle of Apollo before Oedipus was born that he would kill his father and marry his mother.

To avoid this fate his parents decide to leave him, a helpless baby, on Mount Cithaeron to die. However, a shepherd finds him and takes him to Polybus, the King of Corinth and his wife Merope.

They adopt him, not knowing where he came from. Many years later, Oedipus saves the Thebans from the Sphinx's curse by solving her riddle, which was asked of all who wished to enter the city.

The life and work of sophocles

When they answered incorrectly the Sphinx killed them. So when Oedipus finally outwits her, she jumps to her death, and he is made King. But his past comes back to haunt him, and his downfall lies in the uncovering of his true identity.

In Oedipus at Colonus c. Odysseus, self-blinded and in exile from Thebes, is accompanied by Antigone, back to his birthplace of Colonus. At a sacred place he is reunited with both daughters.

Well-Rounded Citizen

His two sons Eteocles and Polynices are warring against each other for power. Odysseus awaits Theseus, King of Athens, for as the Oracle foretold, Oedipus's burial site will bring blessings to the city. Oedipus has finally accepted his fate and wishes to sacrifice himself for the better of others.

The tragedy of Antigone BCdaughter of Oedipus and his mother Jocasta, surrounds Antigone's fate after she rebelliously defies her uncle Creon, the staunch new ruler of Thebes. Her father Oedipus is now blind and banished from the city.

Her brother Polyneices has just died in a battle against Creon, who then decrees his body be left outside the city walls to the carrion birds.Sophocles was one of the most awarded playwrights in Athens and one of the three great Greek tragedians whose work has survived into modern times (the others being Aeschylus and Euripides).

Early Years. Not much is known about the early life of Sophocles. As with all ancient writers, we can know little for certain about Sophocles' life: sources are few and far between, and much of the information scholars have reached is the result of probability and good guesswork rather than any biographical fact.

Some of the sources directly contradict each other. Even his competitor Aeschylus, who dominated Athenian playwrights during Sophocles' early career, accepted the new idea and adopted it into his own work towards the end of his life.

Life and career

Aristotle gave Sophocles the credit of the introduction of skenographia, or Of Birth: Hippeios Colonus, Athens, Greece. Sophocles' last work, Oedipus at Colonus, presents the death of Oedipus; it was produced in B.C., five years after the playwright's own death.

Of all the surviving plays, the tragedies of the Oedipus Trilogy — Oedipus the King, Oedipus at Colonus, and Antigone — . Get this from a library! The Life and work of Sophocles, by F.J.H. Letters, .

[F J H Letters]. Sophocles was born about BC in Colonus Hippius (now part of Athens), he was to become one of the great playwrights of the golden age. The son of a wealthy merchant, he would enjoy all the comforts of a thriving Greek empire. His life, which ended in BC at about the age of 90, coincided with the period of Athenian greatness.

He was.

Sophocles | Biography, Facts, & Works |